Medical oncologists are doctors who treat patients with a balance of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. They are involved in the management of all types of cancer and use a range of other treatments to treat cancers, without using surgery.
They are different than medical oncologists, who use non-radiological treatments for cancer. Clinical oncologists determine which treatment to use by considering a range of factors such as the type of tumor, tumor site, the stage of the disease and the patient’s general health. They assess the relative merits of different treatments before presenting these to the patient.